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Creative Commons License Information


Creative Commons licenses provide a standard way for content creators to grant someone else permission to use their work. Their free, easy-to-use copyright licenses provide a simple, standardized way to give you permission to share and use your creative work— on conditions of your choice.

Authors may choose to publish with a Creative Commons license in any of the ASHA journals when they select an open access option. In addition, when an article is published, all supplemental material submitted by authors are deposited into ASHA journals’ Figshare open source data repository. Figshare uses Creative Commons licenses for supplemental materials hosted on their site. CC BY is the license used for most file types. CC0 is the standard license used for sharing data and databases. However, you can select another license to set access restrictions on your supplemental material if needed.

Creative Commons offers six different content licenses. The following describes each of the six main licenses offered when you choose to publish your work with a Creative Commons license. We have listed them starting with the most accommodating license type you can choose and ending with the most restrictive license type you can choose. The first step to sharing your work is to choose the conditions that you want to apply to your work, then select the license that’s right for you.

Steps to Picking a License

Step 1. Choose Conditions


All CC licenses require that others who use your work in any way must give you credit the way you request, but not in a way that suggests you endorse them or their use. If they want to use your work without giving you credit or for endorsement purposes, they must get your permission first.


You let others copy, distribute, display, perform, and (unless you have chosen NoDerivatives) modify and use your work for any purpose other than commercially unless they get your permission first.


You let others copy, distribute, display, perform, and modify your work, as long as they distribute any modified work on the same terms. If they want to distribute modified works under other terms, they must get your permission first.


You let others copy, distribute, display and perform only original copies of your work. If they want to modify your work, they must get your permission first.

Step 2. Select a License

Based on your choices, you can select a license that clearly indicates how other people may use your creative work.


CC BY lets others distribute, remix, tweak, and build upon your work, even commercially, as long as they credit you for the original creation. This is the most accommodating of licenses offered. Recommended for maximum dissemination and use of licensed materials.


CC BY-SA lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work even for commercial purposes, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms. This license is often compared to “copyleft” free and open source software licenses. All new works based on yours will carry the same license, so any derivatives will also allow commercial use. This is the license used by Wikipedia, and is recommended for materials that would benefit from incorporating content from Wikipedia and similarly licensed projects.


CC BY-ND allows for redistribution, commercial and non-commercial, as long as it is passed along unchanged and in whole, with credit to you.


CC BY-NC lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.


CC BY-NC-SA lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, as long as they credit you and license their new creations under the identical terms.


CC BY-NC-ND is the most restrictive of the six main licenses, only allowing others to download your works and share them with others as long as they credit you, but they can’t change them in any way or use them commercially.

Public Domain Tools

Creative Commons also provide tools that work in the “all rights granted” space of the public domain.


The CC0 tool allows licensors to waive all rights and place a work in the public domain.

Figshare has adopted CC0 as the default tool for researchers to share their datasets. Many types of data aren’t copyrightable in many jurisdictions, so it can be difficult to ascertain whether a database is subject to copyright law. Putting a database or dataset in the public domain under CC0 is a way to remove any legal doubt about whether researchers can use the data in their projects.

Public Domain Mark (PDM)

The Public Domain Mark (PDM) allows any web user to “mark” a work as being in the public domain. The PDM is used to label works that are already free of known copyright restrictions.

What’s Eligible for a Creative Commons License?

Please understand that you may only submit a file to be published with a Creative Commons license if it consists entirely of content licensable by you under the CC BY license. Some examples of such licensable content are:

  • Your originally created content
  • Other content marked with a CC BY license
  • Content in the public domain

Where Can I Find Out More About Creative Commons?

There is much more information, including a number of helpful videos about Creative Commons, on their Web site. For more information, please visit

Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under